Show content in: English Both Hebrew. 11:1]. we cannot be satisfied. This also would be an iniquity deserving of judgment, In Job 31:26 Job 31:27 he passes to overt idolatry. Our "Sun-day," "Mon-day," or Moon-day, bear traces of Sabaism. ( Proverbs 6:27-35 , Proverbs 8:6-23 Proverbs 8:26 Proverbs 8:27 ). And its furrows weep together; If his heart has not blessed me, Hence the transposition by EICHORN of Job 31:38-40 to follow Job 31:25 is quite unwarranted. Is not calamity for the unrighteous, and disaster for the workers of iniquity? So that the fatherless could not eat of it Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Oh, that I had one to hear me! If my heart has been enticed by a woman: The next area of integrity Job proclaimed had to do with faithfulness to his wife within the marriage. His larger context was to … To make a promise with yourself, to be pure . Discussion for Job 31:1 . Coffman Commentaries on the Bible. Now, he called one more witness on his behalf: his own land and property. They had no temples, but were worshipped on high places and roofs of houses ( Ezekiel 8:16 , Deuteronomy 4:19 , 2 Kings 23:5 2 Kings 23:11 ). In this chapter Job gives an account of himself in private life, of the integrity and uprightness of his life, and his holy walk and conversation, with this view, that it might be thought that the afflictions which were upon him were not on account of a vicious course of life he had indulged unto, as was suggested; and he clears himself from various crimes which it might be insinuated he was … Like a prince I would approach Him.”. Translate: "Oh, that God would weigh me . The sun, moon, and stars, the brightest objects in nature, and seen everywhere, were supposed to be visible representatives of the invisible God. If he has been guilty of this let his wife become another's slave and concubine (Job 31:10). He understood that God cared about his servants and would avenge ill-treatment of them. Or loose the bands of Orion? “Let her be his slave… or rather, let her be his whore; and may my sin, which hath served her for example, serve her also for excuse.” (Trapp), ii. from the bone--literally, "a reed"; hence the upper arm, above the elbow. You can find the best commentary on Job for you using the tools on the right side. &c.--Knowing this, I could only have expected "destruction" ( Job 31:3 ), had I committed this sin ( Proverbs 5:21 ). 27. If I have covered my transgressions as Adam, Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. Job 31:7 - Job 31:8 - Job 31:9 - Job 31:10 “grind for another.” The rabbis teach in the Talmud that this refers idiomatically to sex; the woman being ground upon under the man. Job 31:1. 24, 25. Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! Answer to the question in Job 31:2 . For that would be wickedness; Job 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides notes on all 66 books of the Bible, and contain more than 7,000 pages of material 28. Job 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is a one-volume commentary prepared by Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset and David Brown . Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. i. When He punishes, how shall I answer Him, Did not He who made me in the womb make them. Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! Commentaries for Job Chapter 31 Job declares his uprightness. 1. “Most of the good deeds that Job presents as evidence of his righteousness are simple, ordinary things… More than any one of these acts alone, it is the accumulation of them that is impressive.” (Mason), “If I have made gold my hope, Job 31:10 [Then] let my wife grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her.. Ver. advertisement. And would root out all my increase.”. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. wishing--literally, "so as to demand his (my enemy's) soul," that is, "life by a curse." If my step has turned from the way, life--not literally, but "harassed to death"; until he gave me up his land gratis [MAURER]; as in Judges 16:16 ; "suffered him to languish" by taking away his means of living [UMBREIT] ( 1 Kings 21:19 ). . For what is the allotment of God from above, And the inheritance of the Almighty from on high? 33. JOB'S GREAT OATH OF INNOCENCE [1]. “If my land cries out against me, 31:1 I made - So far have I been from any gross wickedness, that I have abstained from the least occasions and appearances of evil. . “This is not a mere epigraph of a writer, or editor. b. You can check these in your browser security settings. What would be my portion from God above and my heritage from the Almighty on high? If I have unjustly acquired lands ( Job 24:2 , Isaiah 5:8 ). John Trapp Complete Commentary. Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. Iyov - Job - Chapter 31 « Previous Chapter 30. . 24 “If I have put my trust in gold or said to pure gold, ‘You are my security,’ 25 if I have rejoiced over my great wealth, the fortune my hands had gained, 26 if I have regarded the sun in its radiance or the moon moving in splendor, 27 so that my heart was secretly enticed and my hand offered them a kiss of homage, 28 then these also would be sins to be judged, () f. Does He not see all my ways, and count all my steps: In the context of Job’s self-control when it came to lust, it was helpful for him to consider that God’s eye was upon him all the time. hand--"adoration," literally means this. I would declare to Him the number of my steps: “Far from being abashed, Job is belligerent to the last, eager to have his case settled, confident of the outcome. It was from God that Job did not "hide his iniquity in his bosom," as on the contrary it was from God that "Adam" hid in his lurking-place. “This section embodies a human ethic unmatched in the ancient world.” (Andersen). If I have eaten its fruit without money, Job 31:1 COMMENTARY Making a Covenant With My Eyes Updated September 10, 2014. But, better (see Job 31:32 ), translated, "Who can show (literally, give) the man who was not satisfied with the flesh (meat) provided by Job?" Wesley's Notes for Job 31:1. 34. He clears himself of falsehood and covetousness. 4 as I was in my prime, 1. when the b friendship of God was upon my tent,. If I have kept the poor from their desire, or caused the eyes of the widow to fail, If I have seen anyone perish for lack of clothing… Then let my arm fall from my shoulder, for destruction from God is a terror to me. Not Yet a Member? (29-34) He was generally without blame. Job's blameless record as a neighbor and city official (Job 29:12-17; 31:16-23), including pure inward motivations (Job 31:1-2,24-25,33-34) and attitudes (Job 31:1,7,9,26-27,29-30) toward God and neighbor, are lofty ethical standards to emulate. If I have despised the cause of my male or female servant: Job continued the presentation of his own righteousness by noting the good and compassionate treatment of his servants. 29 And Job again z took up his discourse, and said:. Then let my arm fall from my shoulder, Retail: $12.00. 9 If my heart has been befooled about a woman, And if I lay in wait at my neighbour's door: 10 Let my wife grind unto another, And let others bow down over her. Job 31:33 If I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom: So that I kept silence i. What I mean by that is we might witness ourselves or others being blessed and we assume that the cause for that blessing is that we somehow pleased God and that obliged him to do something good for us. A godly life. 1. Job’s Final Defense - Job continued his discourse: “How I long for the months gone by, for the days when God watched over me, when his lamp shone on my head and by his light I walked through darkness! Job 31:5-8. Bullinger, has stood the test of tine as an incredible resource for the diligent student. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. The Mosaic law embodied subsequently the feeling of the godly from the earliest times against idolatry, as deserving judicial penalties: being treason against the Supreme King ( Deuteronomy 13:9 , 17:2-7 , Ezekiel 8:14-18 ). kissed . Oh, that the Almighty would answer me, 30. mouth--literally, "palate." Because I feared the great multitude, What he was much too confident about were the things he could not see; the things that happened in the spiritual realm, known to the reader of Job 1-2, but unknown to Job in the story. a. But no one says, “Where is God my Maker” : Elihu noted that men seek God in their … Job 31:24-32. c. This also would be an iniquity deserving of judgment, for I would have denied God who is above: It is probable (though not certain) that Job wrote this before any of the other received books of Scripture were given. What I mean by that is we might witness ourselves or others being blessed and we assume that the cause for that blessing is that we somehow pleased God and that obliged him to do something good for us. heart . 2 What then would be the dispensation of Eloah from above, And the inheritance of the Almighty from the heights -. 3. Job 31:1 I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid?. “Let others bow down upon her; another modest expression of a filthy action; whereby the Holy Ghost gives us a pattern and a precept to avoid not only unclean actions, but also all immodest expressions.” (Poole), iii. a. Rather, the apodosis to Job 31:33 , "Then let me be fear-stricken before a great multitude, let the contempt, &c., let me keep silence (the greatest disgrace to a patriot, heretofore so prominent in assemblies), and not go out," &c. A just retribution that he who hides his sin from God, should have it exposed before man ( 2 Samuel 12:12 ). JOB 31. Job 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary of the Old and New Testament was penned by John Calvin, Martin Luther and Huldrych Zwingli. “The ruin of impure souls is infallible, unsupportable, unavoidable; if God hath aversion from all other sinners, he hath hatred and horror for the unchaste; such stinking goats shall be set on the left hand, and sent to hell; where they shall have so much the more of punishment as they had here of sensual and sinful pleasure, as sour sauce to their sweet meats.” (Trapp). i. Job 35 Commentary: Sometimes we get the idea that God reacts to our sin or righteousness in predictable ways that make sense to us.. We might look at the effect and assume the cause. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. ii. The identity of Kesil with Orion is generally allowed. 16 “If I have withheld anything that the poor desired, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail, 17 or have eaten my morsel alone, and the fatherless has not eaten of it 18 (for from my youth the fatherless [] grew up with me as with a father, and from my mother's womb I guided the widow []), 19 if I have seen anyone perish for lack of clothing, or the needy without covering, If I have walked with falsehood: Job also proclaimed his blameless life because he lived an essentially truthful life. Compare James 5:4 , which plainly alludes to this passage: compare "Lord of Sabaoth" with Job 31:26 here. 11. put confidence or trust in wealth, Job 31:24-25 12. idolatry, Job 31:26-27 13. rejoiced over the fall of an enemy, Job 31:29-30 14. failed to adequately help his family, Job 31:31 15. failed to help the alien or traveler, Job 31:32 16. mistreated share croppers, Job 31:38-40 17. Job’s Ethical Practices Apply to the Workplace (Job 31) Bible Commentary / Produced by TOW Project In the midst of Job’s second lament ( Job 29-42 ), he unveils a significant treatise on ethical behavior, which in some ways anticipates Jesus’ “Sermon on the Mount” ( Matthew 5-7 ). 31:40 Let thistles 2336 grow 3318 8799 instead of wheat 2406, and cockle 890 instead of barley 8184. Doth not he see? Therefore, Job insisted that he was not covering his sins as Adam, who blamed Eve and vainly tried to cover his sin. This was both remarkable and admirable in a time when it was almost universally understood that servants and slaves were subhuman next to those whom they served. Job 28 Commentary: It must have been a few years ago that I lost my wallet for over a week.I thought it was in the car, but I searched there several times with no luck. b. CHAPTER 31. Wantonness and uncleanness of heart, Job 31:1-4. This means that there are many biological, cultural, economic, social, and technological factors that make it much more difficult for a man today to make a covenant with his eyes to not look upon a young woman in the sense meant here by Job. They stop talking as well. Site Resources. Job 31:36 Surely I would take it upon my shoulder, and bind it as a crown to me. Did not He who made me in the womb make them? Job here rightly protested that he was not like such men who hide their sin out of fear of public humiliation and contempt. That is God’s opportunity for speech. Job clears himself of the abuse of power, or the selfish indifference of wealth. c. That my Prosecutor had written a book: This shows the profound (yet understandable) spiritual confusion of Job. 3 Is it not calamity to the unrighteous highness--majestic might. then would He know," &c. 7. And God takes Job on a whirlwind tour of the cosmos, displaying creation in all its wildness and beauty. And because my hand had gained much; At Job 31:37 would be the regular conclusion in strict art. . 31:31 If - My domesticks and familiar friends. Job not guilty of hypocrisy and violence. What then shall I do when God rises up? On the contrary, God speaks directly to Job, just as He does in the patriarchal age with Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and other heads of households (see Job 38-42). And he goes a step beyond what he addressed in verses 1-4. Job merciful. The Secret of Communion with God. (Indeed I have not allowed my mouth to sin This verse parenthetically confirms Job 31:30 . They are the concluding words which Job uttered: by which he informed his friends that he did not intend to carry the controversy any further; but that he had now said all he meant to say. And root out all my increase: Many men who feel themselves under oppressive alimony or child support payments because they allowed their hearts to be enticed by another woman have lived this statement by Job and have seen all their increase rooted out. Job 38:31 And from my mother’s womb I guided the widow); It is much more difficult for a man to choose satisfaction with the allotment of God from above and to avoid the destruction and disaster Job spoke of. Posted on Apr 3, 2005 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 5 minutes. Somewhat like his friends, Job thought he had it all figured out, but he didn’t. Add to my study list. Or my heart walked after my eyes, But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. as in the days when God watched over me,. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. When they complained against me, UMBREIT more spiritedly translates, Yea, destruction and terror from God might have befallen me (had I done so): mere fear not being the motive. Does not he see my ways and number all my steps? Salem Media Group. 21. when--that is, "because." Job proceeds to prove that he deserved a better lot. But English Version is more natural. Adam--translated by UMBREIT, "as men do" ( Hosea 6:7 , where see Margin). adversary--that is, he who contends with me, refers also to God. No crime more provokes God to send destruction as a consuming fire; none so desolates the soul. 11. He never let a poor man leave his gate without giving him enough to eat. About this commentary: Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible is available in the Public Domain. If my land cries out against me: In this chapter Job testified to his own integrity in the most solemn of terms, calling repeated curses upon himself if his friends could indeed demonstrate that he was a conspicuous sinner worthy of conspicuous judgment or discipline from God. vanity--that is, falsehood ( Psalms 12:2 ). I would declare to Him the number of my steps; Browse Sermons on Job 31. Job not guilty of covetousness or idolatry. Then let me sow, and another eat; 20. loins--The parts of the body benefited by Job are poetically described as thanking him; the loins before naked, when clad by me, wished me every blessing. "[2] "The picture that Job here presents of himself is extraordinarily like that of a citizen of the Kingdom of Heaven, as revealed by Christ in the Sermon on the Mount. If I have observed the sun when it shines, This also would be an iniquity deserving of judgment, for I would have denied God who is above. These notes deal primarily with Job 31… The Communicant's Companion. Job 31:24 - 'If I have put my confidence in gold, And called fine gold my trust, on StudyLight.org. b. and by his light I walked through darkness,. After some speeches by another “friend,” Elihu, God does indeed answer Job. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Job 31. He protests that he never set his heart upon the wealth of this world, nor took the things of it for his portions and happiness. You can also change some of your preferences. Updated: Sat, 02/21/2015 - 00:00 By admin. I would declare to Him the number of my steps, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . The finality of his words are demonstrated by the phrase, “Here is my mark.” “Job’s statement means literally, ‘Here is my taw.’ Some versions translate this, ‘Here is my signature,’ since taw, the last letter of the Hebrew alphabet, could be used like our letter ‘X’ to denote a person’s ‘mark’ or ‘signature.’ Yet even more interesting is the fact that in the ancient Hebrew script used by the author of Job, this letter taw was a cross-shaped mark. That is, Job's household said, Oh, that we had Job's enemy to devour, we cannot rest satisfied till we have! Search Tools. Commentary on Job 30:15-31 (Read Job 30:15-31) Job complains a great deal. 4. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. ... Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Job 31:21. But Malachi 2:10 , Acts 17:26 , Ephesians 6:9 make the common origin of masters and servants the argument for brotherly love being shown by the former to the latter. 5. I saw--that I might calculate on the "help" of a powerful party in the court of justice--("gate"), if I should be summoned by the injured fatherless. Our Price: $14.99 Save: $5.01 (25%) Buy Now. “I have made a covenant with my eyes; Why then should I look upon a young woman? c. For that would be a fire that consumes to destruction: Job also understood that allowing his heart to be enticed by a woman other than his wife would bring a destructive, burned-over result. He understood the spiritual nature of God's commandments, as reaching to the thoughts and intents of the heart. If I looked unto the sun (as an object of worship) because he shined; or to the moon because she walked, &c. Sabaism (from tsaba, "the heavenly hosts") was the earliest form of false worship. Job asserts his innocence of adultery. Job 31:1 Commentary. 8. 19. perish--that is, ready to perish ( Job 29:13 ). Retail: $20.00. Job 31 – Job Proclaims His Purity and Innocence, I have made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I look upon a young woman, For what is the allotment of God from above, the inheritance of the Almighty from on high, Is it not destruction for the wicked, and disaster for the workers of iniquity, Does He not see all my ways, and count all my steps, If my step has turned from the way… Then let me sow, and another eat, it would be iniquity deserving of judgment, For that would be a fire that consumes to destruction. StudyLıght.org. If I have rejoiced at the destruction of him who hated me, If I have covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding iniquity in my bosom. laid wait--until the husband went out. Parenthetical; the reason why Job did not despise the cause of his servants. But Job refrained from even wishing revenge ( 1 Samuel 26:8 , 2 Samuel 16:9 2 Samuel 16:10 ). He spoke in the book afterwards, but not to them. Instead, Job insisted that for him to have his heart enticed by another would be wickedness, and indeed it would be iniquity deserving of judgment. 39. lose . The end is silence. Job had often protested his integrity in general; here he does it in particular instances, not in a way of commendation (for he does not here proclaim his good deeds), but in his own just and necessary vindication, to clear himself from those crimes with which his friends had falsely charged him, which is a debt every man owes to his own reputation. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. 1. Job 35 Commentary: Sometimes we get the idea that God reacts to our sin or righteousness in predictable ways that make sense to us.. We might look at the effect and assume the cause. So far from hiding the adversary's "answer" or "charge" through fear, I would take it on my shoulders--as a public honor ( Isaiah 9:6 ). . 16 “If I have kept the poor from their desire, or caused the eyes of the widow to fail, 17 or eaten my morsel by myself, so that the fatherless could not eat of it 18 (But from my youth I reared him as a father, and from my mother’s womb ...read more Scripture: Job 31:16-40. Job 31:35-37; 38:1-11 [25-27] Job ends his speeches with a long oath of innocence, and calls on God to answer him.

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