Why should we colonize Mars? There is a … Elon Musk has been known to reiterate the importance … There are a number of reasons that the Moon is the best place to start space colonization, but the basis of most of them are its proximity to the Earth. Why We Should Colonize Mars and the Solar System It is time to colonize mars and the solar system. But today, Mars is an irradiated desert enveloped by a thick miasma of carbon dioxide, while its twin is a sensationally fertile orb and, for all we know, the universe’s cosmic jackpot of life. I’m sure he has his motives. But there’s nothing we could do to earth’s atmosphere to make it as bad as Mars, which is both extremely thin and also 96% carbon dioxide. Among extraterrestrial bodies in our solar system, Mars is singular in that it possesses all the raw materials required to support not only life, but a new branch of human civilization. He was right. Undoubtedly, it's a wonderful place to explore, especially with augmented reality vision. But unfortunately, their nerd desires are biasing their assessment of how humanity should prepare for doomsday threats. If need be we'd create biodomes and move into them, maybe even at the bottom of the ocean. Besides heading to space and pursuing our destiny in the stars, there's good reasons to colonize Mars. “It’s important to get a self-sustaining base on Mars because it’s far enough away from earth that [in the event of a war] it’s more likely to survive than a moon base,” Musk said on stage at SXSW – just days after Donald Trump announced plans to meet the North Korean leader, Kim Jong-un, in an attempt to defuse rising nuclear tension. If we didn't know how to do that, everyone who lived on the part of the planet where it was going to land would move to safer parts of the planet. • Humanity will only be prepared to colonize Mars when it can live on earth sustainably. Illustration by David Revoy / Blender Foundation / Wikicommons. So why do so many smart people obsess about it? 3, pp. By Neel V. Patel • 04/22/18 6:00am. Not all of us have to go, we just need to send enough peopleto sustain a healthy population when something catastrophic happens on earth. Sign Up on Patreon to get access to the Space Time Discord! This may be possible, but the technology required to do this is a far bigger lift than the technology required to build habitable ecosystems on the bottom of the ocean, deflect asteroids, reverse global warming, or cure pandemics. “Technology and human behavior would never allow this!” you insist? Most of these stem from the lower cost of access to the Moon. Elon Musk: we must colonise Mars to preserve our species in a third world war This article is more than 2 years old. I’m an economist at Moody's Analytics, where I cover labor markets and other aspects of the U.S. economy. SpaceX is working on a vehicle that will take humans to Mars, a 100-metre ship codenamed the BFR (Big Fucking Rocket). Colonization will create new homes, societies, and environments; produce spectacular advances in science and technology; generate enormous wealth from the solar system 's natural resources ; and protect the earth's environment. There’s a problem with this plan: under almost no circumstances is colonizing another planet the best way to adapt to a problem on earth. Founder of SpaceX, which is working on … We must colonize Mars to mitigate existential threats to humanity as a species. Founder of SpaceX, which is working on getting humans to the planet, speaks at SXSW amid rising nuclear tension, Last modified on Mon 12 Mar 2018 11.58 EDT. Mars has water, an atmosphere, and other resources that should allow us to live off the land. Theology and Science: Vol. Inhabiting Mars is more promising, because like our planet, it is engulfed and protected by an atmosphere. Why We Should Think Twice About Colonizing Space. 17, No. I love dad jokes, I’m a dad!”. It Will Drive Technological Change on Earth. He suggested a public regulatory body would need “insight and oversight” to confirm that everyone was developing AI safely and in a way that is “symbiotic with humanity”. There is a … If the utility function of artificial intelligence is to maximise happiness of humans, a super-intelligent AI might decide that the best way to do that is to capture all humans and inject their brains with dopamine and serotonin. “SpaceX is alive by the skin of its teeth. The oceans, which were once seen as impossible to traverse as deep space is today, still remain mostly unexplored. Elon Musk is wrong — we’re not going to colonize Mars. Mars is a fascinating planet, the most like Earth of all the planets in the solar system, and may help us to understand much about the origins of life on Earth. Space colonization is a controversial topic for some people, though definitely not for me, and for a number of … How Elon Musk’s Plan to Colonize Mars Helps Planet Earth. The idea of colonizing Mars as an opportunity to sustain the human species is a popular one currently. SpaceX CEO Elon Musk. EARTH DOESN'T NEED A 'BACKUP' PLANET. All Rights Reserved, This is a BETA experience. Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. The Mars Rover. Now, six months later, he’s saying we have to do it within 100 years in order to avoid extinction. What if a giant asteroid strikes Earth? Why Don’t We Try To Colonize The Moon Instead Of Mars? Whether it’s nuclear war or massive global warming, post disaster earth would be way more habitable than Mars. … These events can occur at any time, and they occurred in the past, many times. Not only is colonizing mars the future of mankind because of it would lead to scientific advancements, it also offers a backup plan for mankind. “If there’s a third world war we want to make sure there’s enough of a seed of human civilisation somewhere else to bring it back and shorten the length of the dark ages,” Musk said, responding to questions from his friend Jonah Nolan, the co-creator of the TV show Westworld. Musk proposed that digital intelligence should instead be directed to maximise “the freedom of action of humanity”. Season 1 Episode 13 | 6m 7s | Video has closed captioning. Even if an asteroid were to strike earth it would very likely remain more habitable than mars. We need to first update our policies on planetary protection and apply them fairly to … There is no magnetic field on Mars. We should colonize mars (in the future) because of its resources and its resemblance to earth. 10 Good Reasons Not to Colonize Mars. Mars Bars. For example, we worry that the oceans on earth will get too polluted, or too acidified, or rise up too high. Undoubtedly, it's a wonderful place to explore, especially with augmented reality vision. Humans Should Not Colonize Mars - Volume 3 Issue 3. Mars is the closest thing we have to Earth in the entire solar system, and that’s not saying much. One objection that often gets raised when talking about … The first benefit is one of the main reasons why Elon Musk believes that we should colonize Mars: it would mark the beginning of extraterrestrial life for human beings. Luck And Destiny May Play A Role, Moving Vans Arrive At Mar-A-Lago As Trump Preps Post-Presidency Florida Move, EU Clean Electricity Powers Clean Air Progress, Cleveland Browns Optimistic After Franchise-Changing Season, Kyrie Irving To Miss 7th Straight Game With Nets, Debut Expected Wednesday Or Friday, Olympic Swimmer, Heavy Metal Guitarist, Tech CEO: Here Are The Most Notable People Charged In Capitol Attack. It is possible to do this, but it would require a major advancement in technology. “Mark my words,” he said, “AI is much more dangerous than nukes. According to Mars One’s general director, this would allow a mission to last for decades, with new expeditions being sent every few years and would eventually lead to a self-sustaining settlement (2013). You would agree that the center of Antarctica in winter is cold, not the best of places to set up … Even though I am not an expert on space, physical sciences, or basically any relevant field, I can tell that this is obviously true. If we mined Mars for these types of raw materials, it would be incredibly expensive to get them back to Earth. Cold. Reply Joseph Traverso June 17, 2020 At 12:37 am Authors: IAN STONER. Similarity to earth Mars shares characteristics which is why it could potentially be another habitat where humans can live. And yet it would still be way, way easier than colonizing another planet. ADDENDUM: The goal of colonizing to preserve the human species rather than evacuate all humans doesn't make sense either. Whatever we’d have to do on Mars to make the atmosphere habitable would be more easily done on a very very ruined earth. Bruno Mars. Among extraterrestrial bodies in our solar system, Mars is singular in that it possesses all the raw materials required to support not only life, but a new branch of human civilization. The problem with this is that there is almost nothing that could happen to earth that would make it less hospitable than Mars. Or a deadly virus spread across the Earth? How come Elon Musk is so obsessed with Mars? The notion that we can start colonizing Mars within the next 10 years or so is an overoptimistic, delusory idea that falls just short of being a joke. That reason is That we almost did not achieve the Moon manned missions. Space X wants to use the moon as a launching area for spaceships to Mars. Researchers are studying whether a wonder material used in Mars rovers could help warm parts of the Red Planet rich in water ice. Why We Should Colonize Mars and the Solar System It is time to colonize mars and the solar system. If things had gone a little bit the other way, both companies would be dead.”. Sure going to mars may seem expensive, but it is just a myth. There are also important engineering, economic and political advantages to starting colonization with the Moon. Why We Should Colonize Mars Reasons to colonize Mars. 9. It is hard to come up with a scenario where evacuating the earth makes the most sense. Below mar's surface is frozen water. 341-346. Posted By Phil Torres on Jul 23, 2018. First, we’d try to deflect it. Updated on: 10 Apr 2019 by Akash Peshin. Abstract. He also countered the suggestion that Mars might be “some escape hatch for rich people” by highlighting the risks of the mission: “It will be like Shackleton’s ad for Antarctic explorers: ‘Difficult, dangerous, a good chance you’ll die, excitement for those who survive.’ That kind of thing. But before you pack your bags, it’s worth thinking about whether we should colonize Mars. “This is going to be real bad,” warned Musk. In short: exploration is great, and we should do more of it. The closest star system to us is Alpha Centauri, which is 4.3 light years away. It makes perfect sense to expand human presence to Mars, but we’re not going to abandon Earth. So why aren’t we racing to colonize the moon? If an asteroid like this was heading for the earth here’s what we would do instead of abandoning the planet. But, we won’t know if a permanent presence is possible until we try. The technology required to travel fast enough to get to other planets makes geoengineering to reverse climate change seem quaint. For the reasons described above, the prospects of Earthly microbes outcompeting their Martian counterparts on their home turf is unlikely. colonize Mars. However, even coming up with the safety parameters would present all sorts of insidious and unexpected risks, Musk said. We also need to know if there is extraterrestrial life on mars. There are many reasons why colonizing Mars is likely to follow the touchdown of a human spacecraft on the Martian surface. For example the similarities between two planets, economic interest in its resources like the availability of water, the prospects for generating food, oxygen, and building materials. In addition, and all the other usual blogging caveats apply. No. The views expressed herein are solely those of the author and do…. Should Humans Colonize Mars? Colonists would have to establish a permanent base with a source of water, food, and air, or be able to consistently resupply from Earth. Compared to our moon, (another candidate for colonization) Mars would be the superior choice. The people that are looking to go explore mars are obviously going to set living material, And they would obviously give us enough food. Instead he funnelled his own money, from the sale of PayPal, into the businesses. Musk said he initially gave SpaceX and Tesla a likelihood of success of just 10%. My third and last reason is how far Mars is and how hard it will be to even get out of earth’s gravitational pull, again not … Y esterday a lot of people watched Elon Musk revealing some of his plans on colonization of Mars at the International Astronautical Congress. Let’s start with Mars, which is a favorite planet for colonization scenarios, including for Elon Musk who thinks we should colonize Mars because earth will eventually face a “doomsday scenario”. Part 1 First, we will investigate the historical reasons behind both exploring space by manned missions and colonization of land on Earth. All logistics … Other people believe that by colonizing other planets, we will only bring chaos to those worlds, much like we did here, on Earth. We find the historical angle relevant in order to get a nuanced view of how the events leading up to a potential Mars mission may plan out. Humans must prioritise the colonisation of Mars so the species can be conserved in the event of a third world war, SpaceX and Tesla founder Elon Musk said on Sunday. If humans do eventually land on Mars, they would not arrive alone. Probably it can be created artificially. 2. On the point of food, astronauts would have to grow their own food through hydroponics. Argument Eventually there will be another mass extinction event, human-caused or not. © 2021 Forbes Media LLC. Consequences Aren't Always Good There are also those who think that even if we can colonize other planets we shouldn't for a variety of reasons, either ethical, political, or social. There’s no food, very little water, and no breathable atmosphere. This article offers two arguments for the conclusion that we should refuse on moral grounds to establish a human presence on the surface of Mars. Humans Should Not Colonize Mars. Perhaps we could focus on colonizing another planet then. Colonization will create new homes, societies, and environments; produce spectacular advances in science and technology; generate enormous wealth from the solar system 's natural resources ; and protect the earth's environment. Even though its atmosphere doesn’t sustain pressurized oxygen like ours, which is imperative to live, it still protects the planet from the destructive shower of meteoroids, a phenomenon ubiquitous on the moon. It’s true it would be extremely hard and today's technology wouldn’t allow it. “There’s not many people who will want to go in the beginning,” he said, adding that over time the Red Planet colony would be hospitable and have “great bars. Well, there are many reasons. Why People Argue We Should Not Colonize Mars Corporations are Just in it to Make Money Broadcasting something as big as the colonization of a planet that no human being has set foot on will, without a doubt, bring in a huge amount of revenue, which is believed to be a major motivation to speed up the process to colonize Mars. And the ultraviolet level… The summary of the video: 1. January 2017; Journal of the American Philosophical Association 3(03):334-353; DOI: 10.1017/apa.2017.26. We would be hard pressed to ruin the water on earth so badly that it’s worse than what’s available on Mars. For example, consider the asteroid that struck the earth 66 million years ago creating the Chicxulub crater and wiping out 75% of plant and animal species on earth, including the dinosaurs. Trillions of them. If earth was to become inhabitable due to something like the effects of global warming, or some other catastrophe humans on … We would be hard pressed to ruin the water on earth so badly that it’s worse than what’s available on Mars. Some people think that it certainly isn't ethical, and that we should fix up the havoc we've wreaked on out own environment instead of destroying others. Water and soil on Mars are saturated with salt, before using them it is necessary to master the complex desalination technology. We will do this in three subparts. Even the faster New Horizon probe, the first to visit Pluto, would take 78,000 years. We also worry about the level of carbon dioxide we humans are creating. Let’s not look at that either. Being close to civilization offers one more advantage: safety. Trillions of them. So is Tesla. So why do we have no regulatory oversight?”. With the recent discovery of flowing liquid water on Mars, talk has turned to what it would take to colonize Mars. Nonetheless we definitely should not only explore but ultimately colonize Mars. The arguments above show that we are perhaps not ready to go to Mars – at least, not today. Ok we're onto the second reason why we should not go to Mars. The views expressed herein are solely those of the author and do not represent the views of my employer, Moody’s Analytics, its parent company (Moody’s Corporation) or its affiliates. We Still Don’t Know Earth . You may opt-out by. Should We Colonize Venus Instead of Mars? We also worry about the level of carbon dioxide we humans are creating. Mars One. In a world of other habitable planets, saving the actual life on earth grows in importance compared to preserving the species somewhere in the universe. Mars Is The New World. But on Mars the only surface water is frozen in the polar ice caps. Air pressure on Mars is very low; at 600 Pascals, it’s only about 0.6 percent that of Earth. Humans can discover 10,000 times faster than robots. Either way, you're looking at some degree of precarity when you depend on a fabricated habitat for survival. (2019). This would cost billions more and require a massive amount of resources. Well that disaster still left 25% of species that survived, all of whom would die instantly on the surface of Mars. Some people believe we should not spend our money, time and resources on this enterprise, because there are problems on Earth we still haven’t fixed. Since we will not be encountering any sentient life forms on Mars, we do not have to worry about replicating the evils associated with colonization back on our own planet. Maybe just it takes an economist to see through the nerd fantasies. If we mined Mars for these types of raw materials, it would be incredibly expensive to get them back to Earth. The first benefit is one of the main reasons why Elon Musk believes that we should colonize Mars: it would mark the beginning of extraterrestrial life for human beings. The Earth’s surface is over 70% water. Turns out the moon is an even harsher mistress than we all thought. We should colonize Mars because one day our planet will no longer be livable, It must not be over a thousand years but we need to be prepared for the unfortunate also people are complaining about not having any oxygen, We OBVIOUSLY WOULD! I’m an economist at Moody's Analytics, where I cover labor markets and other aspects of the U.S. economy. But as we start to terraform Mars, we may wipe out any native microbes due to the extensive changes inflicted on the Martian environment. (We’re not talking about the relatively comfy confines of a habitable satellite like the International Space Station.) Ocean colonies are safer. The Mars bar! “Impossible!” you say? Well, no more dangerous than living inside a radiation-shielded bunker on Mars. Sorry nerds, we won’t be evacuating earth. The planet is currently being ransacked for its resources by its skyrocketing population like a herd of children ambushing an ice cream truck. Robert Walker, Science 2.0 August 15, 2013. The BFR will fly for the first time in the first half of 2019, Musk said, acknowledging that his “timelines historically have been optimistic”. But apart from the dreamy whimsy of it all, and apart from being able to plunder it's certainly many resources, why should we colonize mars? It’s true that could make life on earth very hard. ROBYN BECK/AFP/Getty Images. If you think getting humans to abandon a continent peacefully is hard, try getting them to abandon the planet. 10 Good Reasons Not to Colonize Mars. This frozen water can be extracted from the ground which would allow humans to extract both H20 and oxygen. Why We Should Think Twice About Colonizing Space. The production of the Tesla Model 3 electric car, for example, has been plagued by delays. If there are habitable planets within reach, then there must be many, many habitable planets that aren't within reach. I think the issue is that nerds find space travel and colonizing other planets extremely appealing because they love science fiction and find space exploration exciting. This is a point that organizations hoping to colonize Mars, such as SpaceX, ... We are in that privileged position right now with respect to space colonization. Before discussing the advantages of the Moon, let’s analyze what a full-court press for Mars colonization look… Posted By Phil Torres on Jul 23, 2018. In contrast to the Moon, Mars is rich in carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen, all in biologically readily accessible forms such as carbon dioxide gas, nitrogen g… Replying to your point about wasting resources: we would need to design a new type of rocket anyway to reach Mars. And while there were a lot of exciting technical details, some major issues I anticipated were not covered. Mars is a fascinating planet, the most like Earth of all the planets in the solar system, and may help us to understand much about the origins of life on Earth. We’re not saying we should never colonize the universe, but we should prioritize our needs before we start a new chapter in human evolution. That’s fine, and if some nerd billionaires want to colonize Mars for fun I say go for it. Here I am not arguing for a definitive answer to that question. Discovery of lunar water at the lunar poles by Chandrayaan-1 has renewed interest in the Moon. “We are not going to go to the moon or Mars because of population pressure,” he explained. If we are underestimating the risks of doomsday threats, lets instead invest in the technologies that will help protect earth from them or recover from them. The Red Planet is a cold, dead place, with an atmosphere about 100 times thinner than Earth’s. First of all, Mars would be the best planet to colonize in our solar system. Add a comment ; Facebook; Twitter; Email; Sharing; Reddit; Stumbleupon; Tumblr ; Pocket; My conclusion is that in a colonized universe the probability of the annihilation of the human race could actually rise rather than fall. Elon Musk: we must colonise Mars to preserve our species in a third world war This article is more than 2 years old. And perhaps more importantly - what the motivation for … Founder of SpaceX, which is working on … In November, Stephen Hawking warned that humans needed to colonize another planet within 1,000 years. If humans do eventually land on Mars, they would not arrive alone. Let’s not dive head-first into waters that turn out to be shallow. But building a colony would require “tremendous entrepreneurial resources”, Musk said. Why should we colonize Mars ? Musk said he was now kept awake at night by the threat posed by unregulated artificial intelligence, which he has previously warned could lead humanity into a third world war – another the reason to go to Mars. Our species’ track record on earth suggests we are not ready to colonize other planets. 3. But now, Mars is not a life-friendly place. The Q&A session ended on a surreal note as Musk, his younger brother Kimbal and Nolan all donned stetsons and sang a snippet of My Little Buttercup, a song from the 1986 movie The Three Amigos. Trump under pressure over chaotic approach to North Korea nuclear talks, Donald Trump announced plans to meet the North Korean leader, Kim Jong-un, present all sorts of insidious and unexpected risks. Earth’s resources are depleting at a frightening rate. I agree we should not colonise any planet but if we have to colonise one I would choose Mars. They would carry with them their earthly microbes. When the the first Apollo mission landed on the moon they only had 30 seconds of fuel left, 30 SECONDS! Second reason is because how we almost did not achieve the moon manned missions, not to mention all the proof about how NASA faked them. That, and NASA got better at making better rockets more cheaply. This uniqueness is illustrated most clearly if we contrast Mars with the Earth’s Moon, the most frequently cited alternative location for extraterrestrial human colonization. I can be reached at adam dot r dot ozimek at gmail dot com. 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